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Untitled Document

MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE
(Legislative Department)

The following Act of Parliament received. the assent of the President on the 7th June, 2012, and is hereby published for general information:-

COPYRIGHT(AMENDMENI)ACT, 2012 No. 27 OF 2012

An Act fintherto amend the Copyright Act, 1957.

Dated: June 07, 2012

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Six1y-third Year of the Republic of lndia as fullows:-

Short title commencement.

1. (I) This Act maybe called the Copyright (Ameodment)Act, 2012. Short title and

   (2) It sball come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

Amendment of section- 2.

2. In section 2 of the Copyright Act, 1957 (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act),-

(1) in clause (/),the portion beginning with the wonts "on any medium" and ending with the words "produced by any means" shall be omitted;

(i1) after clause(/), the following clause sball be inserted, namely:-

'(fa) "commercial rental" does not include the rental, lease or lending of a lawfully acquired copy of a compnter programme, sound recording, visual recording or cinematograph film for non-profit purposes by a non-profit library or non-profit educational institution.';

Explanation.-For the pmposes of this clause, a "non-profit library or nonprofit educational institution" means a libra!y or educational institution which receives grants from the Government or exempted from payment of tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961. (43 of 1961.)

(iii) for clause (ff}, the following shall be substituted, namely:-

'(ff} "communication to the public" means making any wmk or perfunnance available for being seen or heard or otherwise enjoyed by the public directly or by any means of display or diffusion other than by issuing physical copies of it, whether simultaneously or at places and times chosen individually, regardless of whether any member of the public actually sees, hears or otherwise enjoys the wmk or performance so made available.

Explanation. -For the pmposes of this clause, communication through satellite or cable or any other means of simultaneous communication to more lhan one household or place of residence including residential rooms of any hotel or hostel shall be deemed to be communication to lhe pnblic;';

(iv) in clause (qq), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

"Provided thet in a cinematograph film a person whose performance is casual or incidental in nature and, in lhe normal course of the practice of the industry, is not acknowledged anywhere including in the credits of the film shall not be treated as a performer except for the purpose of clause (b) of section 38B;";

(v) after clause (x), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

'(xo) "Rights Management Information" means,-

(a) the title or other information identUying the wmk or performance;

(b) the name oflhe aulhor or performer;

(c) the name and address of the owner of rights;

(d) terms and conditions regarding the use of the rights; and

(e) any number or code that represents the information referred to in sob-clauses (a) to (d), but does not include any device or procedure intended to identify lhe user;';

(w) after clause (xx); the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

'(:o:a) "visnal recOrding'' means lhe recording in any medium, by any method including the storing ofit by any electronic means, of moving images or of the represeotations thereof; from which they can be perceived, reproduced or communicated by any method;';

Amendment of section 11.

3. lnsection 11 oftheprincipaiAct,-

(a) in sub-section (I), for the words "not Jess than two nor more than fourteen other memebers", the words "two other members" shall be substituted;

(b) for sub-section (2), lhe following sub-section shall be substituted, namely:"

(2) The salaries aDd allowances payable to and the other terms and conditions of service of the Chairman and other members of the Copyright Board shall be such as may be prescribed:

Provided that neilher the salary and allowances nor the other terms and conditions of service of the Chairman or any other member shall be varied to his disadvantage after appointment.";

(c) for sub-section ( 4), the following sub-sectiOI! shall be substituted, namely:-

"(4) The Central Government may,.after consultation with the Chairman of the Copyright Board, appoint a Secretary to the Copyright Board and such other officers and employees as may be considered necessary for the efficient discharge ofthe functions of the Copyright Board.".

Amendment of section 12.

4. In section 12 of the principal Act, in sub-section (2), for the words "members, each Bench consisting of not less than three members", the word "members" shall be substituted.

Amendment of section 14.

S. In section 14 ofthe principal Act,-

(t) in clause (c). for sub-clause (l), the following sub-clause shall be substituted, namely:-

"(l) to reproduce the work in any material form including-

(A) the storing of it in any medium by electronic or other means; or

(B) depiction in threl?dimensions of a two-dimensional work; or

(C) depiction in two-dimensions of a three-dimensional work;";

(it) in clause (d),-

(a) for sub-clause (1), the following sub-clause shall be substituted, namely:"(•) to make a copy of the film, including-

(A) a photograph of any image forming pan thereof; or

(B) storing of it in any medium by electronic or other means;";

(b) for sub-clause (ii), the following sub-clause shall be substituted, namely:-

"(ii) to sell or give on commercial rental or offer for sale or for such rental, any copy of the film;";

(ii1) in clause (e),-

(a) in sub-clause (1), after the words "emhodying if', the words "including storing of it in any medium by electronic or other means" shall be inserted;

(b) for sub-clause (i1), the following sub-clause shall be substituted, namely:-

"(il) to sell or give on commercial rental or offer for sale or for such rental, any copy of the sound recording;".

Amendment of section 15.

6. In section 15 ofthe principal Act, for the words and figures, "Designs Act, 1911" wherever they occur, the words and figures "Designs Act, 2000" shall be substituted. (2 of 1911.) (16 of 2000.)

Amendment of section 17.

7. In section 17 of the principal Act, in clause (e), the following proviso shall be inserted at the end, namely:-

of section 17.

Provided that in case ofanywork incmporated in a cinematograph work, nothing contained in clauses (b) and (c) shall affect the right of the author in the work referred to in clause (a) of sub-section(/) of section 13;".

Amendment of section 18

8. In section 18 ofthe principal Act, in sub-section (J), after the proviso, the following provisos shall be inserted, namely:-

"Provided forther that no such assignment shall be applied to any medium or mode of exploitation of the work which did not exist or was not in commercial use at the time when the assignment was made, unless the assignment specifically referred to such medium or mode of exploitation of the work:

Provided also that the author of the literary or musical work included in a cinematograph film shall not assign or waive the right to receive royalties to be shared on an equal basis with the assignee of copyright for the utilisation of such work in any form other than for the communication to the public of the work along with the cinematograph film in a cinema hal except to the legal heirs of the authors or to a copyright society for collection and distribution and any agreement to contrary shall be void:

Provided also that the author of the literary or musical work included in the sound recording but not forming part of any cinematograph film shall not assign or waive the right to receive royalties to be shared on an equal basis with the assignee of copyright for any utilisation of such words except to the legal heirs of the authors or to a collecting society for collection and distribution and any assignment to the contrary shall be void.".

Amendment of section 19.

9.1n section 19 of the principal Act,-

(i) in sub-section (3), for the words ''royalty payable, if aoy'', the words ''royalty and any other consideration payable" shall be substituted;

(iz) after sub-section (7), the following sub-sections shall be inserted, namely:

"(8) The assignment of copyright in aoy work contrary tu the terms and conditions of the rights already assigned to a copyright society in which the author of the words is a member shall be void.

(9) No assignment of copyright in any work to make a cinematograph film shall affect the right of the author of the work to claim ao equal share of royalties and consideration payable in case of utilisation of the words in any form other than for the communication to the public of the wordsc, along with the cinematograph film in a cinema hall.

(10) No assignment of the copyright in any work to make a sound recording which does not form part of any cinematograph film shall affect the rigbt of the author of the words to claim an equal share of royalties and consideration payable for any utilisation of such work in aoy fotm."

Amendment of section 19A.

lO.In section I9Aofthe principal Act,-

(z) in sub-section (2), in the second priviso, for the words "Provided further that", the following shall be substituted, namely:-

"Provided further that, pending the disposal of ao application for revocation of assignment under this sub-section, the Copyright Board may pass such order, as it deems fit regarding implementation of the terms and conditions of assignment including any consideration to be paid for the enjoyment of the rights assigned:-

Provided also that";

{iz) after sub-section (2), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:-

"(3) Every complaint received under sub-section (2) shall be dealt with by the Copyright Board as far as possible and efforts shall be made to pass the final order in the matter within a period of six months from the date of receipt of the complaint and any delay in compliance of the same, the Copyright Board shall record the reasons thereof.".

Amendment of section 21.

11. In section 21 of the principal Act,-

(in sub-section (1), for the words "the Registrar of Copyrights", the words"the Registrar of Copyrights or by way of public notice" shall be substituted;

(ii) after sub-section (2), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:-

"(2A) The Registrar of Copyrights shall, within fourteen days from the publication ofthe notice in the Official Gazette, post the notice on the official website of the Copyright Office so as to remain in 1he public domain for a period of not less thao three years.".

Amendment sectivn 22.

12. In section 22 of the principal Act, the brackets and words (other than a photograph)" shall be omitted Omission of section 25.

13. Section 25 of the principal Act shall be omitted.

Amendment of section 30.

14.1n section 30 of the principal Act, for the words "writing signed by him", the words ''writing by him" shall be substituted

Amendment of section 30A.

15. In section 30A of the principal Act and in its marginal heading, for the words, figures and letter, "section 19 and 19A ",the word and figures "section 19" shall be substituted.

Amendment of section 31.

16. In section 31 of the principal Act,( i) in sub-section (1),-

(a) for the words "any Indian words", the words "any work" shall be substituted;

(b) for the words "licence to the complainant" the words "licence to such person or persons who, in the opinion of the Copyright Board, is or are qualified to do so" shall be substituted;

(c) the Explanation shall be omitted;

(il) sub-section (2) shall be omitted.

Amendment of section 31A

17.1n section 31A of the principal Act,-

(i) in the marginal heading, for the words "Indian works", the words "or published wordss" shall be substituted;

(ii) for sub-section (1), the following sub-section shall be substituted, namely:-

"(J) Where, in the case of any unpublished words or any words published or communicated to the puhlic and the words is withheld from the public in India, the author is dead or unknown or cannot be traced, or the owner of the copyright in such words cannot be found, any person may apply to the Copyright Board for a licence to puhlish or communicate to the public such words or a translation thereof in any language.".

Insertion of new Sections 318, 31C and 310.

18. After section 3JA of the principal Act, the following sections shall be inserted, namely:-

Compulsory licence for benefit of disabled.

'31B. (I) Any person wordsing for the benefit of persons with disability on a profit basis or for business may apply to the Copyright Board, in such form and manner and accompanied by such fee as may be prescnbed, for a compulsory licence to publish any words in which copyright subsists for the benefit -of such persons, in a case to whieh clause (zb) of sub-section (/) of section 52 does not apply and the Copyright Board shall dispose of sueh application as expeditiously as possible and endeavour shall be made to dispose of such application within a period of two months from the date of receipt of the application.

(2) The Copyright Board may, on receipt of an application under sub-section (/), inquire, or direct such inquiry as it considers necessary to establish the credentials of the applicant and satisfY itself that the application has been made in good faith.

(3) If the Copyright Board is satisfied, after giving to the owners of rights in the words a reasonable opportunity of being beard and after holding such inquiry as it may deem necessary, that a compulsory licence needs to be issued to make the word available to the disabled, it may direct the Registrar of Copyrights to grant to the applicant sueh a licence to puhlisb the word

(4) Every compulsory licence issued under this section shall specifY the means and format of publication, the period duriog which the compulsory licence may be exercised and, in the case of issue of copies, the number of copies that may be issued including the rate or royalty:

Provided that where the Copyright Board has issued such a compulsory licence it may, on a fur1her application and after giving reasonable opportunity to the owners of rights, extend the period of such compulsory licence and allow the issue of more copies as it may deem fit.

Statutory licence for cover versions.

31 C. (1). Any person desirous of making a cover version, being a sound recording in respect of any literal)', dramatic or musical wordsc, where sound recordings of that work have been made by or with the licence or consent of the owner of the right in the work, may do so subject to the provisions of this section:

Provided that such sound recordings shall be in the same medium as the last recording, unless the medium of the last recording is no longer in current commercial use.

(2) The person making the sound recordings shaD give prior notice of his intention to make the sound recordings in the manner as may be prescribed, and

provide in advance copies of all covers or labels with which the sound recordings are to be sold, and pay in advance, to the owner of rights in each work royalties in respect of all copies to be made by him, at the rate fixed by the Copyright Board in this behalf:

Provided that such sound recordings shall not be sold or issued in any form of packaging or with any cover or label which is likely to mislead or confuse the public as to their identity, and in particular shall not contain the name or depict in any way any performer of an earlier sound recording of the same work or any cinematograph film in which such sound recording was incorporated and, further, shaD state on the cover that it is a cover version made under this section.

(3) The person making such sound recordings shaD not make any alteration in the literal)' or musical work which has not been made previously by or with the consent of the owner of rights, or which is not technicaUy necessary for the purpose of making the sound recordings:

Provided that such sound recordings shall not be made until the expiration of five calendar years after the end of the year in which the first sound recordings of the work was made.

(4) One royahy in respect of such sound recordings shaD be paid fur a minimum of fiflythonsandcopies of each work during each calendar year in which copies of it are made:

Provided that the Copyright Board may, by general order, fix a lower minimum in respect of works in a particular language or dialect having regard to the potential circulation of such works.

(5) The person making such sound recordings shaD maintain such registers and books of accouot in respect thereof; including full details of existing stock as may be
prescribedandshaUallowtheownerofrightsorhisdulyauthorisedagentorrepresentative to inspect all records and books of accouot relating to such sound recording:

Provided that if on a complaint brought before the Copyright Board to the effect that the owner of rights has not been paid in full for any sound recordings purporting to be made in pursuance of this section, the Copyright Board is, prima facie, satisfied that the complaint is genuine, it may pass an order ex parte directing the person making the sound recording to cease from making further copies and, after holding such inquiry as it considers necesS&I)', make such further order as it may deem fit, including an order for payment of royalty.

Explanation. -Foi: the purposes of this section "cover version" means a sound recording made in accordance with this section.

Statutory licence for broadcasting of literary and musical works and sound recording.

31D. (I) Any broadcasting organisation desirous of communicating to the public by way of a broadcast or by way of perf01111811Ce of a literary or musical work and sound recording which bas already been published may do so subject to the provisions of this section.

(2) The broadcasting organisation shall give prior notice, in such manner as may he preacrihed, of its intention to broadcast the work stating the duration and territorial coverage of the broadcast, and shall pay to the owner of rights in each work royalties in the manner and at the rate fixed by the Copyright Board.

(3) The rates of royalty for radio broadcasting shall he different from television broadcasting and the Copyright Board shall fix separate rates for radio broadcasting and television broadcasting.
(4) In fixing the manner and the rate of royalty uader sub-section (2), the Copyright Board may require the broadcasting organisation to pay an advance to the owners of rights.

(5) The names of the authors and the principal performers of the work shall, except in case of the broadcasting organisation communicating such work by way of performance, he announced with the broadcast

(6) No fresh alteration to any literary or musical work, which is not technically necessary for the purpose of broadcasting, other than shortening the work for convenience of broadcast, shall he made without the consent of the owners of rights.

(7) The broadcasting organisation shall-

(a) maintain such records and books of account, and render to the owners of rights snch reports and accounts; and

(b) allow the owner of rights or his duly authorised agent or repn:sentative to inspect all records and books of account relating to such broadcast, in such manner as may he prescribed.

(8) Nothing in this section shall affect the operation of any licence issued or any agreement entered into before the commencement of the Copyright (Amendment) Act,2012.'.

Amendment of section 33.

19.1n section 33 of the principal Act,-

(i) in sub-section (1), for the words "provided further", the following shall he substituted, naniely:-

"Provided further that the business of isning or granting license in respect of literary, ckamatic, musical and artistic works incorporated in a cinematograph films or sound recordings shall he carried out only through a copyright society duly registered under this Act: Provided also";

(ii) after sub-section (3), the following shall he inserted, namely:-

"(3A) The registration granted to a copyright society under sub-section (3)shall he fur a period of five years and may he renewed from time to time before the end of every five years on a request in the prescribed form and the Central Government may renew the registration after considering the report of Registrar of Copyrights on the working of the copyright society under section 36:

Provided that the renewal of the registration of a copyright society shall he subject to the continued collective control of the copyright society being shared with the authors of works in their capacity as owners of copyright or of the right to receive royalty:

Provided fiutberthat every copyright society already registered before the coming into force of the copyright (Amendment) Act, 2012 shall get itself registered under this Chapter within a period of one year from the date of commencement of the Copyright (Amendment)Act,2012.";

(iii) in sub-sections (4) and (5), for the words "owners of rights", the words "authors and other owners of right" shall be substituted;

(iv) in sub-section (5), lllkocthe word "concerned" the words" or fornooOmpliance of sections 33A, sub-section (3) of section 35 and section 36 or any change carried out in the instrument by which the copyright society is established or incorporated and registered by the Central Government without prior notice to it" shall be inserted.

Insertion of new section 33A.

20. Aftersection33 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:-

Tariff Scheme by copyright societies.

"33A. (J) Every copyright society shall publish its tariff scbeme in such manner as may be prescribed (2) Any person who is aggrieved by the tariff scheme may appeal to the Copyright Board and the Board may, if satisfied after holding such inquiry as it may consider necessary, make such orders as lllliy be required to remove any unreasonable element, anomaly or inconsistency therein: Provided that the aggrieved person shall pay to the copyright society any fee as may be prescribed that has fallen due before making an appeal to the Copyright Board and shall continue to pay such fee until the appeal is decided, and the Board shall not issue any order staying the collection of such fee pending disposal of the appeal: Provided further that the Copyright Board may after hearing the parties fix an interim tariff and direct the aggrieved parties to make the payment accordingly pending disposal of the appeal.".

Amendment of section 34.

21. In section 34 of the principal Act, for the words "owner of rights", wherever they occur, the words "author and other owners of right" shall be substituted

Omission of section 34A.

22. Section 34A of the principal Act shall be omitted.

Amendment of section 35.

ln section 35 of the principal Act and its marginal beading,-

(a) for the words "owners of rights", wherever they occur, the words "author and other owners of right" shall be substituted;

(b) after sub-section (2), the following sub-sections shall be inserted, namely:-

(3) Every copyright society shall have a governing body with such number of persons elected from among the members of the society consisting of equal number of authors and owners ofwmx for the purpose of the administration of the society as may be specified.

(4) All members of copyrights society shall enjoy equal membership rights and there shall be no discrimination between authors and owners of rights in the distribution of royalties.

Amendment of section 36A.

24. In section 36A of the principal Act,-

(a) for the words "performing rights society", the words "copyright society" shall be substituted;

(b) for the words, brackets and figures "the Copyright (Amendment) Act, 1994", the words, brackets and figures "the Copyright (Amendment) Act, 20 12" shall be substituted (38 of 1994).

Amendment of section 37.

2S.ln section 37 of the Jirincipa!Act, in sub-section (3), for clause (e), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:-

"(e) sells or gives on commercial rental or offer for sale or for sucb rental, any such smmd recording or visual recording referred to in clause (c) or clause (tl).".

Amendmen of section 38.

17. After section 38 of the principal Act, the following seetions shall be inserted, namely:-

Insertion of new sections 38A and 38B.

Exclusive right of performers.

38A. (I) Without prejudice to the rights conferred on autbors, the perfonner's rigbt which is an exclusive right subject to the provisions of this Act to do or autborise for doing any of the following acts in respect of the performance or any substantial part thereof, namely:-

(a) to make a sound recording or a visual recording of the performance, including-

(i) reproduction ofit in any material form including the storing of it in any medium by electronic or any other means;

(ii) issuance of copies of it to the public not being copies already in circulation;

(iii) communication of it to the public;

(iv) selling or giving it on commercial rental or offer for sale or for commercial rental any copy of the recording;

(b) to broadcast or communicate the performance to the public except where the performance is already broadcast.

(2) Once a performer bas, by written agreement, consented to the incorporation ofbis performaiJce in a cinematograph film he shall not, in the absence of any contract to the contrary, object to the enjoyment by the producer of the film of the performer's rigbt in the same film: Provided that, notwithstanding anything contained in this sub-seetion, the performer shall be entitled for royalties in case of making of the performances for commercial.

Moral rights of the performers

38B. The performer of a performance shall, independently of his rigbt after assignment, eitber wholly or partially ofbis rigbt, have the rigbt,-

(a) to claim to be identified as the performer ofbis performance except where omission is dictated by the manner of the of the performance; and

(b) to restrain or claim damages in respect of any distortion, mutilation or other modification ofbis performance that would be prejudicial to his reputation.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this

(c) it is hereby clarified that mere removal of any portion of a performance for the purpose of editing, or to fit the recording within a limited duration, or any other modification required for porely technical reasons shall not be deemed to be prejodicial to the performer's reputation.

Substitution of a new section for section 39A.

28. For section 39A of the principal Act, the following seetion shall be substituted, namely:-

Certain provisions to app1y in case of broadcast reproduction right act performers rights.

"39A. (I) Seetions 18,19, 30, 30A, 33, 33A,.34, 35, 36, 53, 55, 58, 63, 64, 65, 65A, 65B and 66 shall, with necessary adaptations and modifications, apply in relation to the broadcast reproduction right in any broadcast and the performer's rigbt in any performance as they apply in relation to copyrigbt in a work: Provided that where copyrigbt or performer's rigbt subsists in respect of any work or performance that bas been broadcast, no licence to reproduce such broadcast, shall be given without the consent of the owner of rigbt or performer, as the case may be, or both of them: Provided further that the broadcast reproduction rigbt or performer's rigbt shall not subsist in any broadcast or performance if that broadcast or performance is an infringement of the copyrigbt in any work.

(2) The broadcast reproduction right or the performer's right sball not affect the separate copyright in any work in respect ofwbich, the broadcast or the perfonnance, as the case may be, is made.".

Amendment of section 40.

29. In section 40 of the principal Act, in the proviso, in clause (iiz), after the words "the order relates", the words "but such a term of copyright sball not exceed the term of copyright provided under this Act" shall be inserted.

Amendment of section 40A.

30. In section 40A of the principal Act, in sub-section (2), in clause (iz), the following proviso sball be inserted, namely:-

"Provided that it does not exceed the period provided under this Act;".

Amendment of section 45.

31. In section 45 of the principal Act, in sub-section (1), in the proviso,- (z) for the words "relation to any goods", the words "relation to any goods or services" shall be substituted; (iz) for the words and figures "section 4 of the Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958" the words and figures "section 3 of the Trade Marks Act, 1999" sball be substituted. (43 of 1958.) (47 of 1999.)

Amendment of section 52.

32. In section 52 of the principal Act, in sub-section (I),- (z) for clause (a), the following clause sball be substituted, namely:-

(a) a fair dealing with any work, not being a computer programme, for the purposes of-

(i) private or persooal use, including research;

(ii) criticism or review, whether of that work or of any other work;

(iii) the reporting of current events and curreut aflilirs, including the reporting of a lecture delivered in public.

Explanation.-The storing of any work in any electronic medium for the purposes mentioned in this clause, including the incidental storage of any computer programme wbicb is not itself an infringing copy for the said purposes, shall not constitute infringement of copyright";

(iz) for clauses (b), (c), (d), (e), (/), (g), (h), (z) and (J), the following sball be substituted, namely:-

"(b) the transient or incidental storage of a work or performance purely in the tecbnieal process of electronic transmission or communication to the public;

(c) transient or incidental storage of a work or performance for the purpose of providing electronic links, access or integration, where such links, access or integration bas not been expressly prohibited by the right bolder, unless the person responsible is aware or bas reasonable grounds for believing that such storage is of an infringing copy: Provided that if the person responsible for the storage of the copy bas received a written complaint from the owner of copyright in the work, complaining that sucb transient or incidental storage is an infringement, such person responsible for the storage sball refrain from facilitating such access for a period of twenty-one days or till be rec_eives an order from the competeot court refraining from facilitating aecess and in case no sucb order is received before the i:xpiry of sucb period of twenty-one days, be may cootinue to provide the facility of such access;

(d) the reproduction of anywolic for the purpose of a judicial proceeding or for the purpose of a report of a judicial proceeding;

(e) the reproduction or publication of any wotk prepared by dle Secretariat of a Legislature or, where the Legislature consists of two Houses, by the Secretariat of either House of the. Legislature, exclusively for the use of the members of that Legislature;";

(f) dle reproduction of any work in a certified copy made or supplied in accordance with any law for the time being in force;

(g) the reading or recitation in public of reasonable extracts from a published literacy or dramatic work;

(h) the publication in a collection, mainly composed of non-copyright matter, bona fide intended for instructional use, and so described in the title and in any advertisement issued by or on behalf of the publisher, of short passages from published literary or dramatic works, not themselves published for such use in which copyright subsists: Provided that not more than two such passages from works by the same author are published by dle same publisher during any period of five years.

Explanation.-In the case of a work of joint authorship, references in this clause to passages from wotks shall include references to passages from works by any one or more of the authors of those passages or by any one or more of those authors in collaboration wi1h any other person;

(l) the reproduction of any work-

(i) by a teacher or a pupil in the course of instruction; or

(ii) as part of the questions to be answered in an examination; or

(iii) in answers to such questions;

(J) the performance, in the course of the activities of an educational institution, of a literary, dramatic or musical work by the staff and students of the institution, or of a cinematograph film or a sound recording if the audience is limited tu such staff and stUdents, the parents and guardians of the students and persons connected with the activities of the institution or the communication to such an audience of a cinematograph film or sound recording;";

(iii) for clause (n), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:-

"(n) the storing of a work in any medium by electronic means by a noncommercial public library, for preservation if the library already possesses a non-digital copy of the work;";

(iv) in clause (o), for the words "public library", the words, "non-commercial public library" shall be substituted;

(v) after clause (v), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

"(w) dle making of a three-dimensional object from a two-dimensional artistic work, such as a technical drawing, for the purposes of industrial application of any purely functional part of a useful device;

(Vi) in clause (y), for the words "dramatic or'', the words "dramatic, artistic or" shall the substituted;

(vi1) after clause (za) and the Explanation thereunder, the following shall be inserted, namely:-

"(zb) the adaptation, reproduction, issue of copies or communication to the public of any work in any accessible format, by-

(l) any person to facilitate persons with disability to access to works including sharing with any person wi1h disability of such accessible format for private or personal use, educational purpose or research; or

(i) any organisation working for the benefit of the persons with disabilities in case the normal format prevents the enjoyment of such works by such persons: Provided that the copies of the works in such accessible format are made available to the persons with disabilities on a non-profit basis but to recover only the cost of production: Provided further that the organisation shall ensure that the copies of works in such accessible format are used only by persons with disabilities and takes reasonable steps to prevent irs entry into ordinary channels of.business. Exp/anation.-For the purposes of this sub-clause, "any organisation" includes and organisation registered under section 12A of the Income-tax Act, 1961 and wordsdng for the benefit of persons with disability or recognised under Chapter X of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection or Rights and full Participation) Act, 1995 orreceiving grants from the government for facilitating access to persons with disabilities or an educational institution or library or archives recognised by the Government".(43 of 1961.) (1 of 1996.)

(zc) the importation of copies of any literary or artistic words, such as labels, company logos or promotional or explanatory material, that is purely incidental to other goods or products being imported lawfully.".

Omission of section S2B.

33. Section 52B of the principal Act shall be omitted.

Substitution of new section for section 53.

34. For section 53 of the principal Act, the following section shall be substituted, namely:-

Importation of infringing copies.

"53. (J) The owner of any right conferred by this Act in respect of any work or any performance embodied in such words, or his duly authorised agent, may give notice in writing to the Commissioner of Customs, or to any other officer authorised in this behalfby the Central Board ofExcise and Customs,-

(a) that he is the owner of the said right, with proof thereof; and

(b) that he requesrs the Commissioner for a period specified in the notice, which shall not exceed one year, to treat infringing copies of the work as prohibited goods, and that infringing copies of the work are expected to arrive in India at a time and a place specified in the notice.

(2) The Commissioner, after scrutiny of the evidence furnished by the owner of the right and on being satisfied may, subject to the provisions of sub-section (J), treat infringing copies of the work as prohibited goods that have been imported into India, excluding goods in transit: Provided that the owner of the work deposits such amount as the Commissioner may require as security having regard to the likely expenses on demurrage, cost of storage and compensation to the importer in case it is found that the works are not infringing copies.

(3) When any goods treated as prohibited IDider sub-section (2) have been detained, the Customs Officer detaining them shall inform the importer as well as the person who gave notice IDider sub-section(/) of the detention of such goods within forty-eight hours of their detention.

(4) The Customs Officer shall release the goods, and they shall no longer be treated as prohibited goods, if the person who gave notice IDider sub-section (J) does not produce any order from a court having jurisdiction as to the temporary or permanent disposal of such goods within fourteen days from the date of their detention.".

Amendment of section 55.

35. In section 55 of the principal Act, in sub-section (2), for the portion begin.'ling with the words "a name purporting to be" and ending with the words "as the case may be, appears", the following shall be substituted, namely:-

"or, subject to the provisions of sub-section (3) of section 13, a cinematograph film or sound recording. a name purporting to be that of the author, or the publisher, as the case may be, of that work, appears".

Amendment of section 57.

36. In section 57 of the principal Act,- (r) in sub-section (1), in clause (b), the words ''which is done befurethe expiration of the tenn of copyright" shall be omitted; (ir) in sub-section (2), the words "other than the rigbt to claim author ship of the work" shall be omitted.

Insertion of new sections 65A and 658.

37. After section 65 of the principal Act, the following sections shall be inserted, namely:-

Protection of technological measures.

"65A. (1) Any person who circumvents an effective technological measure applied for the purpose of protecting any of the rigbts conferred by this Act, with the intention of infringing such rigbts, shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to two years and shall also be liable to fme.

(2) Nothing in sub-section (1) shall prevent any person from,-

(a) doing anything referred to therein for a purpose not expressly prohibited by this Act:

Provided that any person facilitating circumvention by another person of a tecbnological measure for such a purpose shall maintain a complete record of such other person including his name, address and all relevant particulars necessary to identifY him and the purpose for which he has been facilitated; or

(b) doing anything necessary to conduct encryption research using a lawfully obtained encrypted copy; or

(c) conducting any lawful investigation; or

(d) doing anything necessary for the purpose of testing the security of a computer system or a computer network with the authorisation of its owner; or

(e) operator; or

(f) doing anything necessary to circumvent technological measures intended for identification or surveillance of a user; or

(g) taking measures necessary in the interest of national security.

Protection of Rights Management Information.

65B.Anyperson, who knowingly,-

(z) removes or alters any rigbts management information without authority, or

(iz) distributes, imports for distribution, broadcasts or communicates to the public, without authority, copies of any work, or performance knowing that electronic rigbts management information has been removed or altered without authority, shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to two years and shall also be liable to fine:

Provided that if the rigbts management information has been tampered with in any work, the owner of copyright in such work may also avail of civil remedies provided under Chapter XII against the persons indulging in such acts.".

Amendment of section 66.

38. In section 66 of the principal Act, after the words "delivered up to the owner of the copyright, "the words" or may make such order as it may deem fit regarding the disposal of such copies or plates" shall be inserted.

Amendment of section 78.

39. In section 78 of the principal Act, in S\Jb..section (2),- (1) for clause (a), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:-

(a) the salaries and allowances payable to and the other terms and conditions of service of the chairman and other members of the Copyright Board under sub-section (2) of section II; (il) after clause (c), the following clauses shall be inserted, namely:-

"(cA) the form and manner in which an Organisation may apply to the Copyright Board for compulsory licence for disabled and the fee which may accompany such application under sub-section (J) of section 31B;

(cB) the manner in which a person making sound recording may give prior notice ofhis inteotion to make SOU!id recording uoder sub-section (2) of section 31 C;

(cC) the register and books of account and the details of existiog stock which a persOn making sound recording may maintain under sub-section (5) of section 31 C;

(cD) the manner in which prior notice may be given by a broadcasting organisation under sub-section (2) of section 31D;

(cE) the reports and accounts which may be maintained under clause (a), and the inspection of records and books of account which may be made under clause (b) of sub-section (7) of section 31D;";

(iii) after clause (cc), the following clanses shall be inserted, namely:-

"(ci:A) the manner in which a copyright society may publish its Tariff Scheme under sub-section (J) of section 33A; (ccB) the fee which is to be paid before filing an appeal to the Copyright Board under sub-section (2) of section 33A;";

(ccC) the form of application for renewal of registration of a copyright society and the fee which may accompany such application under sub-section (JA) ofsection33;

(iv) clause (db) shall be omitted.

(VK Bhasin)
Secretary to the Government of India

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