News Update

GST - Coffee beans processing units in trouble; seek exemptionGST Council also approves several amendments in CGST RulesGST Council grants mega relief to healthcare services & clarifies rates for many ServicesCX - Claim of assessee that as soon as they paid tax, same became credit in their account is misplaced - Law as it existed at time of taking credit would be applicable: CESTATI-T - Finance cost incurred on overdraft obtained from bank, which is advanced to sister concern for no business purpose, is not allowable business loss: ITATCX - If insurance cover in respect of which credit has been claimed is exclusively in respect of injuries or damages to factory employee, then credit would be admissible: CESTATSteering clear of Anti - Profiteering chargesIssues affecting Credit Card Industry – Budget 2018 should provide solutionsGovt amends Passport Rules to substitute certain documents to be attached under Tatkal & non-Tatkal schemesGST Council extends last date for migrated taxpayers to surrender registration upto March 31, 2018 + reduces penalty for late filing of GSTRs + decides to amend e-Way Bill rulesGST Council reduces tax rate from 28% to 18% on used motor vehicles + from 18% to 12% on sugar boiled confectionary, drinking water packed in 20 litre bottles, bio-diesel and bio-pesticides + from 18% to 5% on components required for satellite launch + LPG supplied for domestic consumption + from 12% to 5% on velvet fabric + from 3% to 0.25% on diamonds & precious stonesGST Council decides to exempt RTI-related services + reduces rate on construction of metro projects to 12% + 5% without ITC on housekeeping service through ECO + 5% rate on tailoring service + 18% rate now on entry ticket to water parks or theme parksGST on Services - ITC allowed to tour operators in same line of business + hikes exemption limit to Rs 7500 per month for Resident Welfare Members + exempts legal services provided to Governments & Govt entities + Rate reduced on transportation of petroleum products to 5% + Rate on job work services to leather and footwear reduced to 5% + exempts transport service provided to educational institutionsGST Council shifts focus on anti-evasion measures; Tax rates reduced on 29 goods & 53 ServicesGST Council decides to divide Rs 35000 Crore IGST collections between Centre & States, provisionally17 lakh Composition taxpayers paid only about Rs 307 Crore; Council expresses disappointmentLegislative changes - Council receives demand to introduce Sec 9(4) only for Composition taxpayersGST Council accepts Fitment Committee recommendations to reduce rates on 29 goods + 53 services; New rates to come into force from Jan 25GST Council accepts Sarna Committee report on handicraft items; Fitment Committee to decide tariff for 40 such itemsGST Council finally decides to stop at uploading of Sale Invoices in GSTR-3B till alternative is worked out and approved at next meeting through video conferencing + e-Way Bill - 15 States to roll out intra-State system on Feb 1, 2018SC terms States’ ban on Padmavat illegal after certification by Central BoardFinancial Year should roll out on Jan 1 rather than on April 1: Sushil ModiHyderabad DRI seizes Saudi & Omni Riyals worth Rs 1 Crore from pax heading for DubaiBihar CM wants Jaitley to hike Sec 80C limit to Sec 2 lakh + general exemption limit to Rs 3 lakhCentre to release Rs 1000 Cr more to AP Govt for its Amaravati projectTripura to go to polls on Feb 18; Nagaland + Meghalaya on Fe 27: Election CommissionGST Council is quite sensitive to exporters' problems, says Vice PresidentJaitley holds Pre-Budget talks with State FMs before Council Meet
 
ADMISSIBILITY OF CENVAT OF CVD IF PAYMENT ADJUSTED THROUGH DEPB?

November 22, 2004

By S K Bhardwaj

TODAY, a major question troubling the trade and industry circles is that will the CENVAT credit of additional customs duty if paid on the inputs by way of debit entry in the DEPB be admissible?

Our Submission

The last sentence of para 4.3.5 of the EXIM Policy 2002-07 has been deleted by Notification No.28(RE 203/2002-07) dated 28.1.2004 para 11 issued by Central Government under section 5 of the Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992. Before deletion the para read :-

“Normally, the exports made under the DEPB Scheme shall not be entitled for drawback. However, the additional customs duty/ excise duty paid in cash on inputs under DEPB shall be adjusted as CENVAT credit or duty Duty Drawback as per Rules framed by the Department of Revenue. In cases, where the additional customs duty is adjusted from DEPB, no benefit of CENVAT/Drawback shall be admissible.”

On being removed last sentence from above para, prima facie it appears that CENVAT credit is now admissible in case of the payment of CVD through debit in DEPB. The new para reads:-

“Normally, the exports made under the DEPB Scheme shall not be entitled for drawback. However, the additional customs duty/ excise duty paid in cash or through debit under DEPB shall be adjusted as CENVAT credit or duty Duty Drawback as per Rules framed by the Department of Revenue ”

But it is not true when it is analysed in the proper perspective.

CENVAT credit on the inputs or capital goods is governed by the CENVAT credit Rules, 2002 (now 2004) and not by the Export-Import Policy (Now Foreign Trade Policy) provisions. Rule 3 of the CENVAT Credit Rules, provides for the availability of CENVAT Credit on inputs or capital goods received in the factory if specified duties therein paid on any inputs or capital goods.

Vide Rule 3 of the CENVAT credit rules , Additional Customs Duty (CVD) leviable under 3 of the Customs Tariff act, paid on the inputs or capital goods is available as CENVAT credit.

Whether the “adjustment of additional customs duty by way of debit in the DEPB” can be considered as ‘ additional customs duty paid’?

Debit of customs duties involved on the goods imported in the DEPB is governed by exemption Notification No. 45/2002-Cus dated 22.04.2002 as amended. This provides that the goods imported under the DEPB Scheme are exempt from the whole of the duty of customs, additional duty of customs and special additional duty of customs, subject to fulfillment of the various conditions mentioned therein. One of the conditions is that the importer shall produce the DEPB before the proper officer for making the debit entry therein at the time of importation. By condition no. (v) of the notification, an option has been given to the importer to forego exemption in respect of the additional customs duty and pay the same in cash.

As per Notification No. 45/2002 if the additional customs duty is got adjusted in the DEPB, then it will amount to availment of the ‘exemption’ from customs duty. On the contrary, if the additional customs duty is paid in cash, then it will be deemed ‘non availment of exemption’ from additional customs duty.

The adjustment of additional customs duties in DEPB in terms of notification No.45/2002 shall amount to ‘availment of exemption’ and not the ‘payment of duty’, so the CENVAT Credit thereof shall not be admissible under Rule 3 of the Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004. The expression ‘duty paid’ has to be read in contrast to the expression ‘exemption availed’. Availment of exemption can’t be consanguineous to payment.

Regarding the deletion of last sentences from para 4.3.5 of the EXIM Policy, it does not necessarily follow that credit of additional duty paid/adjusted through DEPB will be admissible unless and until, a corresponding amendment is made in the Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004 as well and/ or 45/2002-Customs Notificaton. This is because credit has not been allowed for any exemption enjoyed under Customs Law.

The above is a classic case where Ministry of Commerce has set the intention to give importers Cenvat facility of DEPB debit of CVD but Ministry of Finance has not followed it up with their own amendment of Customs and Central Excise Rules. This is one among many instances of dichotomy in decisions of two Govt organs.

(The author is working with L G Electronics India Pvt Ltd )


POST YOUR COMMENTS