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Constituent Assembly Of India - Volume VII

Dated: November 04, 1948

Statement showing the total population and tribal population of provinces:-

Name of province 

 Toatl population 

 Tribal population 

 percentage 

Madras

49,341,810

562,029

1.1

Bombay

20,849,840

1,614,298

7.7

Bengal

60,306,525

1,889,389

3.1

United provinces

55,020,617

   289,422

.53

Punjab

28,418,819

   ..

  ..

Bihar

36,340,151

5,055,647

13.9

C. P and Berar

16,813,584

2,937,364

17.5

Assam

10,204,733

2,484,996

24.4

N.W.F.P

3,038,067

   ..

..

Orissa

8,728,544

1,721,006

19.7

Sind

4,535,008

33,819

0.81

Ajmer-Merwara

583,693

  91,472

15.6

Andaman and Nicobar

33,768

   11,076

32.8

Baluchistan

501,631

    3

    ..

Coorg

168,726

   19,723

 11.7

Delhi

917,939

   ..

   ..

II 

Excluded and Partially Excluded Areas Population

(Provincial Totals)

Name of province 

Areas in SQ. MilesTotal population

Aboriginal or Backward class

Percentage

 

Excluded Areas-

   
 

962   18,357

18,335

99.9

Madras

Sq.Miles+

   
 

201 3/4

   
  acres.    
 

Partially Excluded Areas-

   
 

6,792.31493,026

333,372*

67.6

 

Excluded Areas-

   
 

Nil 

   

Bombay

     
 

Partially Excluded Areas-

   
 

6,697+1,125,471

663,528

58.9

 

Excluded Areas-

   
 

5,007  247,053

233,392

94.5

Bengal

     
 

Partially Excluded Areas-

   
 

2,518  977,665

190,112

19.4

 

Excluded Areas-

   
 

Nil

   

United provinces

     
 

Partially Excluded Areas-

   
 

2,250    202,000

143,600

71.1

 

 Excluded Areas-

   
 

4,695  11,700

11,700

100

   

(Tibetans)

 

Punjab

     
 

Partially Excluded Areas-

   
 

Nil

   

Name of province

Areas in sq milesTotal population

Aboriginal or Backward class

percentage

 

Excluded Areas-

   
 

Nil

   

Bihar

     
 

Partially Excluded Areas-

   
 

32,592    9,750,846

4,451,109

45.6

 

Excluded Areas-

   
 

Nil

   

Central provinces andBarer

     
 

Partially Excluded Areas-

   
 

  19,8312,939,416

1,560,104

53.07

GRAND TOTAL

    100,248   17,233,205

8,435,190

48.95

III

Statement Showing Total Population and Tribal Population By Districts

Province or District 

Total population 

Tribal population 

Percentage 

MADRAS PROVINCE

     

British Territory

49,341,810

562,029

1.14

   Vizagapatam

3,845,944

286,923

7.46

Agency

421,437

140,721

63.55

plains

3,624,507

146,202

4.03

Godavari East

2,161,863

101,532

4.70

Agency

271,569

97,200

35.79

Plains

1,890,294

4,332

.23

Godavari west

1,380,088

1,999

.14

Kistna

1,444,294

345

.02

Guntur

2,277,283

2,246

.10

Nellore

1,617,026

15

..

Cuddapah

1,056,507

19

..

Kurnool

1,146,250

5,878

.51

Bellary

1,051,235

548

..

Anantapur

1,171,419

4

..

Madras

777,481

2

..

Chingleput

1,823,955

39

..

Chittoor

1,632,395

..

..

North Arcot

2,577,540

..

..

Salem

2,869,226

6

..

Coimbatore

2,809,648

12,440

.44

South Arcot

2,608,753

..

..

Tanjore

2,563,575

213

..

Trichinopoly

2,194,091

24

..

Madura

2,446,601

8

..

Ramnad

1,979,643

..

..

Tinnevelley

2,244,543

161

..

Nilgiris

209,709

62,951

30.20

Malabar

3,929,425

34,366

.87

South Kanara

1,523,516

52,312

3.43

BOMBAY PROVINCE

     

Province of Bombay Proper

20,849,840

1,614,298

7.74

Bombay city

1,489,883

4,606

.31

Northern Division 

5,276,593

874,103

16.56

Ahmedabad

1,372,171

8,730

.64

Ahmedabad City

591,267

5,744

.97

Broach& panch Mahals

924,527

268,617

29.06

Kaira

914,957

5,161

.57

Surat

881,058

320,575

36.37

Thana

932,733

257,130

27.57

Bombay suburban

251,147

13,890

5.53

Central Division

8,197,398

667,828

8.15

Ahmednagar

1,112,229

41,146

3.60

East Khandesh

1,327,722

61,054

4.60

West Khandesh

912,214

357,719

39.21

Nasik

1,113,901

167,280

15.02

poona

1,359,408

36,835

2.71

Satara

1,327,249

11,014

.08

Sholapur

1,014,670

  2,780

.21

Southern Division

5,885,971

67,761

1.15

Belgaum

1,225,428

1,674

.14

Bijapur

975,982

1,008

.10

Dharwar

1,210,016

1,414

.12

Kanarah

441,157

197

.04

Kolaba

668,922

62,170

9.29

Ratnagiri

1,373,466

1,298

.09

BENGAL PROVINCE

     

British Territory

60,306,525

1,889,389

3.13

Burdwan division 

10,287,369

706,729

6.87

Burdwan

1,890,732

151,355

8.0

Birbhum

1,048,317

74,084

7.07

Bankura

1,289,640

154,246

11.96

Midnapur

3,190,647

253,625

7.95

Hooghly

1,377,729

69,500

5.04

Howrah

1,490,304

3,919

.26

Presidency Division 

12,817,087

99,235

.77

24-parganas

3,5336,386

51,085

1.44

Calcutta

2,108,891

1,688

.08

Nadia

1,759,846

12,671

.72

Murshidabad

1,640,530

26,138

1.59

Jessore

1,828,216

4,978

.27

Khulna

1,943,218

2,675

.14

Rajshahi Division 

12,040,465

776,729

6.44

Rajshahi

1,571,750

67,298

4.28

Dinajpur

1,926,833

182,892

9.49

Jalpaiguri

1,089,513

279,296

25.63

Darjeeling

376,369

141,301

37.54

Rangpur

2,877,847

18,200

.63

Bogra

1,260,463

14,387

1.14

Pabna

1,705,072

6,906

.45

Malda

1,232,618

66,449

5.39

Dacca Division 

16,683,714

65,398

.39

Dacca

4,222,143

4,029

.10

My men singh

6,023,758

59,722

.99

Faridpur

2,888,803

1,363

.05

Bakarganj

3,549,010

284

.01

Chittagong Division 

8,477,890

241,298

2.85

Tippera

3,860,139

1,524

.04

Noakhali

2,217,402

34

....

Chittagong

2,153,296

6,348

.29

Chittagong Hill tracts

247,053

233,392

94.47

UNITED PROVINCES

     

British Territory

55,020,617

289,422

.53

Agra Province 

40,906,147

289,244

.71

Meerut Division 

5,716,451

70

....

Dehra Dun

266,244

....

....

Saharanpur

1,179,643

....

....

Muzaffarnagar

1,056,759

....

....

Meerut

1,896,582

....

....

Bulandshahar

1,317,223

70

....

Agra Division 

5,326,768

79

....

Aligarh

1,372,641

1

....

Muttra

806,992

....

...

Agra

1,289,774

....

.....

Etah

984,760

78

.01

Rohilkhand Division 

6,195,996

57

....

Bareilly

1,176,197

28

....

Bijnor

910,223

11

....

Budaun

1,162,322

....

....

Moradabad

1,473,151

17

....

Shahjahanpur

983,385

1

....

Pilibhit

490,718

....

....

Allahabad Division 

6,014,813

19,139

.32

Farrukhabad

955,377

47

...

Etawah

883,264

143

.02

Cawnpore

1,556,247

1,083

.70

Fatehpur

806,944

241

.03

Allahabad

1,812,981

17,625

.97

Jhansi Division 

2,553,492

26,439

1.04

Jhansi

773,002

12,494

106

Jalaun

482,384

6,361

1.31

Hamirpur

575,538

7,584

1.32

Banda

722,568

....

...

Benares Division 

5,545,257

141,661

2.55

Benares

1,218,629

21,152

1.74

Mirzapur

899,929

43,383

4.82

Jaunpur

1,387,439

3,353

.24

Ghazipur

985,380

21,641

2.20

Ballia

1,053,880

52,133

4.95

Gorakhpur Division 

7,972,108

101,746

1.28

Gorakhpur

3,963,574

99,076

2.50

Basti

2,185,641

83

...

Azamgarh

1,822,893

2,587

.14

Kumaon Division 

1,581,262

53

...

Nainital

291,861

...

...

Almora

687,286

...

...

Garhwal

602,115

53

.01

Oudh Province 

14,114,470

178

...

Lucknow Division 

6,530,932

7

...

Lucknow

949,728

7

...

Uanao

959,542

...

...

Rae Bareli

1,064,804

...

...

Sitapur

1,293,554

...

...

Hardoi

1,239,279

...

...

Kheri

1,024,025

...

...

Fyzabad Division 

7,583,538

171

...

Fyzabad

1,319,425

157

.01

Gonda

1,719,644

...

...

Bahraich

1,240,569

...

...

Sultanpur

1,100,368

14

...

Partapgarh

1041,024

...

...

Bara Banki

1,162,508

...

...

BIHAR PROVINCE

     

British Territory

36,340,151

5,055,647

13.91

Patna Division 

7,265,950

300,004

4.12

Patna

2,162,008

12,722

.59

Gaya

2,775,361

258,032

9.33

Shahabad

2,328,581

29,250

1.26

Tirhut Division 

11,959,827

31,378

.35

Saran

2,860,537

18,314

.64

Champaran

2,397,569

20,086

.83

Muzaffarpur

3,244,651

1,996

.05

Darbhanga

3,457,070

982

.03

Bhagalpur Division 

9,598,025

1,393,041

14.45

Monghyr

2,564,544

53,421

2.08

Bhagalpur

2,408,879

104,879

4.35

Purnea

2,390,105

104,856

4.38

Santal Parganas

2,234,497

1,129,885

50.56

Chhota Nagpur Division 

7,516,349

3,321,224

44.19

Hazaribagh

1,751,339

478,253

27.31

Ranchi

1.675,413

1,173,142

70.02

Palamau

912,734

323,106

35.40

Manbhum

2,032,146

678,126

33.37

Singhbhum

1,144,717

668,597

58.41

CENTRAL PROVINCE AND BERAR

     

British territory

16,113,584

2,937,364

17.47

Central provinces 

13,208,718

2,663,959

20.16

Jubbulpore Division 

3,691,112

789,335

21.39

Saugor

939,068

82,107

8.74

jubbalpore

910,603

166,958

18.33

Mandla

504,580

304,099

60.27

Hoshangabad

823,585

123,621

15.01

Nimar

513,276

112,570

21.93

Nagpur Division 

3,924,985

854,939

21.78

Betul

438,342

168,229

38.38

Chhindwara

1,034,040

395,781

38.28

Wardha

519,330

51,848

9.98

Nagpur

1,059,989

66,471

6.27

Chanda

873,284

172,610

19.77

Chattisgarh Division 

5,592,621

1,019,6665

18.23

Bhandara

963,225

115,173

11.96

Balaghat

634,350

138,693

21.86

Raipur

1,516,686

273,260

17.01

Bilaspur

1,549,509

287,680

18.56

Durg

928,851

104,859

20.91

Berar Provinvce 

3,604,866

273,405

7.86

Amraoti

988,524

63,210

6.39

Akola

907,742

30,456

3.36

Buldana

820,862

19,849

2.42

Yeotmal

887,738

159,890

18.01

ASSAM PROVINCE

     

British Territory

10,204,733

2,484,996

24.35

Surma valley and Hill division 

4,218,875

683,546

16.20

Cachar

641,181

178,264

27.80

Sylhet

3,116,602

69,907

2.24

Khasi & Jaintia Hills (British)

118,665

103,567

87.28

Naga Hills

189,641

184,766

97.43

Lushai Hills

152,786

147,042

96.24

Assam Valley Division 

5,919,228

1,757,664

23.46

Goalpara

1,014,285

237,993

15.66

Kamrup

1,264,200

197,926

35.39

Darrang

736,791

260,748

23.43

Nowgong

710,800

166,525

33.57

Sibsagar

1,074,741

360,768

37.46

Lakhimpur

894,842

335,230

88.78

Goaro Hills

223,569

198,474

66.49

Sadiya Frontier Tracts

60,118

39,974

58.54

Balipara Frontier Tracts

6,512

3,812

58.54

ORSSA PROVINCE

     

British Territory

8,728,544

1,721,006

19.72

Cuttack

2,431,427

55,280

2.27

Balasore

1,029,430

29,757

2.69

Puri

1,101,936

29,555

2.68

Sambalpur

1,182,622

232,095

19.71

Ganjam

1,855,264

433,687

23.38

Plains

1,392,188

59,658

4.29

Agency

463,076

374,029

80.77

Koraput

1,127,862

940,632

83.40

SIND PROVINCE

     

British Territory

4,535,008

36,819

0.81

Dadu

389,380

154

0.31

Hyderabad

758,748

769

0.01

Karachi

713,900

884

0.12

Larkana

511,208

.....

.....

Nawabshah

584,178

1,326

0,23

Sukkur

692,556

51

0.01

Thar Parkar

581,004

33,635

5.79

Upper Sind Frontier

304,034

.....

.....

AJMER-MERWARA

583,693

91,472

15.67

ANDAMANS & NICOBARS

     

Andamans

33,768

11,076

32.80

Nicobars

21,316

.....

.....

Coorg

12,452

11,076

88.95

  

168,726

19,723

11.69

IV

Schedule 13 to Government of India (Provincial Legislative Assemblies) Order, 1936

BACKWARD TRIBES

PART I - MADRAS

1. Bagata.

2. Bottadas - Bodo Bhottada, Muria Bhottada and Sano Bhottada.

3. Bhumias - Bhuri Bhumia and Bodo Bhumia.

4. Bissoy - Barangi Jodia, Bennangi Daduva, Frangi, Hollar, Jhoria, Kollai, Konde, Paranga, Penga-Jodia, Sodo Jodia and Takora.

5. Dhakkada.

6. Domb - Andhiya Dombs, Audiniya Dombs, Chonel Dombs, Christian Dombs, Mirgani Dombs, Oriya Dombs, Ponaka Dombs, Telaga and Ummia.

7. Gadabas - Boda Gadaba, Cerlam Gadana, Franji Gadaba, Jodia Gadaba, Olaro Gadaba, Pangi Gadaba and Paranga Gadaba.

8. Ghasis - Boda Ghasis and San Ghasis.

9. Gondi - Modya Gond and Rajo Gond.

10. Goundus - Bato, Bhirithya, Dudhokouria, Hato, Jatako and Joria.

11. Kosalya Goudus - Bosothoriya Goudus, Chitti Goudus, Dangayath Goudus, Doddu Kamariya, Dudu Kamaro, Ladiya Goudus and Pullosoriay Goudus.

12. Magatha Goudus - Bernia Goudu, Boodo Magatha, Dongayath Goudu, Ladya Goudu, Ponna Magatha and Sana Magatha.

13. Serithi Goudus.

14. Holva.

15. Jadapus.

16. Jatapus.

17. Kammaras.

18. Khattis - Khatti, Kommaro and Lohara.

19. Kodu.

20. Kommar.

21. Konda Dhoras.

22. Konda Kapus.

23. Kondareddis.

24. Kondhs - Desaya Kondhs, Dongria, Kondhs, Kuttiya Kondhs, Tikiria Kondhs and Yenity Kondhs.

25. Kotia - Bartikar, Bentho Oriya, Dhulia or Dulia, Holva Paiko, Putiay, Sanrona and Sidho Paiko.

26. Koya or Gound with its sub-castes, Raja or Rasha Koyas, Lingadhari Koyas, Koyas (ordinary) and Kottu Koyas.

27. Madigas.

28. Malas or Agency Malas or Valmikies.

29. Malis - Worchia Malis, Paiko Malis and Pedda Malis.

30. Maune.

31. Manna Dhora.

32. Mukha, Dhora-Nooka Dhora.

33. Muli or Muliya.

34. Muria.

35. Ojulus or Metta Komsalies.

36. Omanaito.

37. Paigarapu.

38. Palasi.

39. Palli.

40. Pentias.

41. Porjas - Bodo, Bonda, Daruva, Didua, Jodia, Mundili, Pengu/Rvdi and Saliya.

42. Reddi or Dhoras.

43. Relli or Sachandi.

44. Ronas.

45. Savaras - Kapu Savaras, Khutto Savaras and Maliya Savaras.

PART II - BOMBAY

1. Barda.  9. Gond.

2. Bavacha. 10. Kathodi, or Katkari.    16. Patelia.

3. Bhil11. Konkana.17. Pomla.

4. Chodhra.12. Koli Mahadeb.   18. Powara

5. Dhanka  13. Mavchi.   19. Rathawa.

6. Dhodia.  14. Naikda or Nayak.   20. TadviBhill.

7. Dubla.15. Pardhi, including  21. Thakur.

8. Gamit or Gamta.Advichincher or 22. Valvai.

Phanse Pardhi.  23. Varli.

24. Vasava.

PART III - BIHAR

A person shall be deemed to be a member of a backward tribe if and only if-

(a) he is resident in the Province and belongs to any of the following tribes:-

1. Asur.12. Gond.  23. Kora.

2. Banjara.13. Gorait.24. Korwa.

3. Bathudi.14. Ho.25. Mahli.

4. Bentkar.15. Jaung.26. Mal Paharia.

5. Binghia.  16. Karmali.   27. Munda.

6. Birhor.    17. Kharia.    28. Oraon.

7. Birjia.18. Kharwar.29. Parhiya.

8. Chero.   19. Khetauri.30. Santal.

9. Chik Baraik.20. Khond.   31. Sauria Paharia.

10. Gadaba.    21. Kisan.    32. Savar.

11. Ghatwar.   22. Koli.  33. Tharu.

(b) he is resident in any of the following districts or police stations, that is to say the districts of Ranchi, Singhbhum, Hazaribagh and the Santal Parganas and the police stations of Arsha, Balarampur, Jhalda, Jaipur, Baghmundi, Chandil, Ichagarh, Barahabhum, Patamada, Banduan and Manbazar in the district of Manbhum and belongs to one of the following tribes:-

1. Bauri. 4. Bhumji. 7. Rajwar.

2. Bhogta. 5. Ghasi. 8. Turi.

3. Bhuiya.6. Pan.

(c) he is resident in the Dhanbad sub-division or any of the following police stations in the Manbhum district, that is to say, Purulia, Hura, Pancha, Ragunathpur, Santuri, Nituria, Para, Chas, Chandan-Kiari and Kashipur, and belongs to the Bhumi tribe.

PART VI - CENTRAL PROVINCES

1. Gond.  13. Baiga.25. Kol.

2. Kawar.    14. Kolam.26. Nagasia.

3. Maria.15. Bhil.    27. Sawara.

4. Muria.16. Bhuinhar.28. Korwa.

5. Halba. 17. Dhanwar. 29. Majhwar.

6. Pardhan. 18. Bhaina. 30. Kharia.

7. Oraon. 19. Parja. 31. Saunta.

8. Binjhwar.  20. Kamar. 32. Kondh.

9. Andh.  21. Bhunjia. 33. Nihal.

10. Bharia Bhumia 22. Nagarchi. 34. Birhaul(or Biror).

11. Koti. 23. Ojha. 35. Rautia.

12. Bhattra. 24. Korku. 36. Pando.

PART V - ORISSA

A person shall be deemed to be a member of backward tribe if and only if -

(a) he is resident in the Province and belongs to any of the following tribes:-

1. Bagata.  8. Konda-Dora. 15. Munda.

2. Banjari. 9. Koya. 16. Banjara.

3. Chenchu. 10. Paroja. 17. Bingjia.

4. Gadaba. 11. Saora (Savar). 18. Kisan.

5. Gond. 12. Oraon.19. Koli.

6. Jatapu. 13. Santal.    20. Kora.

7. Khonda (Kond)   14. Kharia.

(b) he is resident in any of the following areas, that is to say, the Koraput and Khondmals districts and the Ganjam Agency and belongs to either of the following tribes:-

1. Dom or Dombo.  2. Pan or Pano.

(c) he is resident in the Sambalpur district and belongs to any of the following tribes:-

1. Bauri. 3. Bhumij.  5. Turi.

2. Bhuiya. 4. Ghasi. 6. Pan or Pano.

[Annexure VI]

APPENDIX D

Statutory Recommendations

PART I

A. The Provincial Government may at any time by notification apply the provisions of Part II of this Chapter or of any of its sections to such areas as may be specified in the notification, being areas in habited by any of the tribes named in Schedule A (and hereinafter referred to as "the tribes").

B. (1) The number of representatives of the tribes in the Provincial Legislature shall not be less in proportion to the total number of representatives than the population of the tribes in the Province bears to its total population.

(2) In the Federal Legislature (House of the People) there shall be such number of representatives of the tribes of each Province as may be in accordance with the total population of the tribes in that Province on the scale prescribed in Section.

C. The election of the representatives of the tribes to the Provincial Legislature shall be by universal adult franchise.

PART II

D. As from the commencement of this Constitution the provisions of this Part shall apply to the areas specified in Schedule B to this Chapter (and hereinafter referred to as "the Scheduled Areas").

E. (1) The Provincial Government may, if so advised by the Tribes Advisory Council, by notification direct that any law passed by the Legislature shall not apply to a Scheduled Area or shall apply with such modifications as it may prescribe:

Provided that the Provincial Government shall, if so advised by the Tribes Advisory Council, direct that any law passed by the Provincial legislature in respect of the following subjects, that is to say,

(i) all social matters including inheritance of property;

(ii) occupation of land (not being forest reserved under the provisions of the Indian Forest Act or other law applicable) including tenancy laws, allotment of land, reservation of land for any purpose;

(iii) village management, including the establishment of village panchayats, shall not apply to a Scheduled Area or shall apply with such modifications as it may prescribe with the concurrence of the said Council.

(2) The Provincial Government may, in consultation with the Tribes Advisory Council, make special regulations for a Scheduled Area on any matter not provided for by a law in force in the Area.

F. Vacant land in a Scheduled Area which is the property of the State shall not be allotted to a non-tribal except in accordance with rules made by the Provincial Government in consultation with the Tribes Advisory Council.

G. (1) The Provincial Government may, and if so advised by the Tribes Advisory Council shall, direct that no person shall carry on business in a Scheduled Area as a moneylender except under and in accordance with the conditions of a licence issued by it or by an officer authorised by it in this behalf.

(2) Any contravention of an order issued by the Provincial Government under sub-section (1) of this Sections hall be an offence.

H. The revenue and expenditure pertaining to a Scheduled Area which is credited to or met from the funds of the Provincial Government shall be shown separately in the annual financial statement of the Provincial Government.

I. There shall be paid out of the revenues of the Federation such capital and recurring sums as may be necessary to enable the Provincial Government to meet the cost of such schemes of development as may be undertaken with the approval of the Federal Government for the purpose of raising the level of administration of the Scheduled Areas and all round development of the tribes to that of the rest of the province.